Some unknown martyrs of Karbala

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S. Insaf
Posts: 1494
Joined: Thu Sep 11, 2003 4:01 am

Some unknown martyrs of Karbala

#1

Unread post by S. Insaf » Tue Nov 17, 2009 1:14 pm

Muslims of all sects all over the world will commemorate the Moharram a month from now.
The tragedy of Karbala took place in 680 AD in Kufa, Iraq. Generally the figure of Karbala’s martyrs is believed to be Imam Husain and his 72 companions.
But the famous historian Tabari, in his book Taareekhe-Tabari page 241 puts the figure of martyrs of Karbala more than 125. He says 30 horse riders and 40 foot soldiers from Yazid’s army had voluntarily crossed over to Imam Husain’s camp.
According to Tabari the battle of Karbala was no battle. It was not a war between two armies. It was a fight between Right and Wrong. It was for creating a history of victory of conscientious souls over Muslims caught in worldly greed and power game.
Abidullah bin Ziyad was the governor of Kufa at the time Karba’s tragedy. From his side when Hurr bin Yazid stopped Imam Husain his companions at the borders of Iraq from entering Kufa then a large number of Imam Husain’s sensing danger to their lives fled away. Then the governor Ziyad sent his man, Umar bin Sad bin Abi Wakas for discussion with Imam Husain. During discussion Imam Husain made certain offers which were rejected by Umar bin Sad. At this juncture numbers of soldiers from Yazid’s army crossed over to Imam Husain’s side, according to Tabari.
On seventh day of Month of Moharram, according to Arab tradition of war supply of water and food to Imam Husain’s companions was banned. That day Shimar bin Ziljosh brought a letter from Ziyad and handed over to Imam Husain. The letter among many other things stated that “If Imam Husain is ready to give oath of allegiance to Yazid then bring him alive to me. Otherwise attack him and kill him and as a proof bring his head to me.” Imam Husain asked for one day’s time to decide.
In the night Imam Husain put off the lamps in his camp and asked his companions that those who wanted to leave should escape in the darkness as they were relieved from his Bay-at. On that night of 9th day of Mohrram some soldiers from Yazid’s army crossed over to Imam Husain’s side, according to Tabari.
Yazid’s army was headed by Umar bin Sad. Dareed was his flag-holder. Where as Hazrat Abbas bin Ali was the flag-holder from Imam Husain’s side. Imam Husain and his companions were hungry and trusty for three days, in his army there was Habib Ibne Muzahir who was 130 years old and Ali Asghar who was 6 month old. Where as the soldiers in Yazid’s army were young, well-fed and well-equipped. In Imam’s army there were just 22 horse-riders where as in Yazid’s army there were 10,600 horse-riders.
As no reply came from Imam Husain’s side on 10th of Moharram morning (day of Ashoora) Umar bin Sad posted 30 thousand archers to attack Husaini camp. He stood under Yazid’s flag and shot the first arrow towards Imam Husain’s camp proudly shouting that “Let the history record that I am that person who shot the first arrow." With this thousands of arrows were shot by his 30-thousand archers. This is known as “Hamlaye-Oola” (the first attack).
The 30 martyrs who died in this attach, according to Tabari, were:-
1) Khabada bin Kayeb Khazarji – He had come from Mecca with his wife and son, Umar. Both father and son were killed.
2) Abdur-Rehman bin Abdur-Rab: He was a witness of incident of Gadeer and a disciple of Hazarat Ali. He had come to Kufa from Mecca.
3) Naeem Ajlan Khazarji: He along with his brothers, Nasir and Nauman were supporters of Hazarat Ali and had joined Husain in Kufa.
4) Jabir bin hajjaz Yatmi: He came to Nainawa (Karbala) with Umar bin Sad in Yazid’s army. But crossed over and joined Imam Husain on 7th day of Moharram.
5) Jareen bin Malik bin Qais: He came to Karbala with Yazid’s army but when Imam Husain’s offers were rejected he came out of Yazid’s army openly joined Imam Husain along with some of his friends in Yazid’s army.
6) Haris bin Umraral Qais bin Hasib Kundi: He was a pious and brave soldier in Yazid’s army with which he came to Karbala but Joined Imam Husain on 9th of Moharram.
7) Hassas bin Umruazdi: He was a police officer during Hazrat Ali’s caliphate. He came with Yazid’s army but taking advantage of darkness came over to Imam Husain’s side on 9th of Moharram.
8) Zaheer bin Salim bin Umruazdi: He came with Yazid’s army as and important soldier but taking advantage of darkness came over to Imam Husain’s side on 9th of Moharram.
9) Zargar Malik Tablagi: He came with Umar bin Sad but taking advantage of darkness came over to Imam Husain’s side on 9th of Moharram.
10) Abdullah bin Bashir Khashmayee: He came to Karbala with Umar bin Sad but quietly came over to Imam Husain’s side on 9th of Moharram.
11) Umar bin Zabiah bin Kaus Tamai: He came with Umar bin Sad but on 7th day of Mohrram when water and food was denied he had bitter arguments with Umar bin Sad and then left Yazid’s army and came over to Imam Husain’s side on 9th of Moharram.
12) Qasim bin Hajjaz: He was a Sipehsalar (Captain) of Yazid’s army but soon after left it and joined Imam Husain.
13) Masood bin Hajjaz: He came to Karbala with Yazid’s army and he took Umar bin Sad’s permission came to meet Imam Husain and stayed with him till he was martyred.
14) Abdur-Rehman Masood bin Hajjaz: He along with father came over to Husain’s side on 7th of Moharram and accepted martyrdom.
15) Nauman bin Umruazdi: He had fought with Hazrat Ali in the battle of Saffeen. He came to Karbala to fight on Yazid’s behalf but he heard the Imam Husain’s arguments with Hurr and Shimar and came over to him and fought and died on Husain’s behalf.
16) Nasar bin Abimiraz: He was an important member of Iranian Council and accepted Islam on Hazrat Ali’s hands. He came over to Imam Husain from Yazid’s army and died for Imam Husain.
17) Qaarib Moulal Husain: He could not go with Yazid’s army as his mother, Faquia was seriously ill. But when he in Basara that the people of house of Rasulullah were in trouble at Nainawa he came down from Basra with his ailing mother and joined Imam Husain and martyred.
18) Shabib bin Abdullah Hamadani: Though he came to Karbala with Yazid’s army but he fought with Hazrat Ali in Neherwan’s and Saffeen’s battle so he crossed over and died on behalf of Imam Husain.
19) Saleem: He was Hazrat Ali’s slave but was freed by him and had joined Islamic army. He came to Karbala with Yazid’s army but secretly came over to Imam Husain’s side and fought and died on his behalf.
20) Gulam Saalim: He was a slave and he along with his master came over to Imam Husain’s side and accepted martyrdom.
21) Haris bin Banhan: He came with Yazid’s army from Madina but crossed over on 10th of Moharram morning after the first attack.
22) Oham bin Amayya Basri: He came from Basra, crossed over to Imam Husain’s side and died for him.
23) Amayya bin Sad Talai: He was with Hazrat Ali in the battle of Saffeen. He joined Imam Husain on 9th of Moharram.
24) Jabla bin Ali Shoeb: He had gone in hiding after the death of Muslim bin Aqeel. For safety of his life he joined Yazid’s army in Kufa but then decided to accepted martyrdom and crossed over to Imam Husain’s side on 9th Moharram’s night.
25) Hubab bin Haris: He secretly came over to Imam Husain’s side and fought and died on his behalf.
26) Hubab bin Aamir Yatami: He had gone in hiding after the death of Muslim bin Aqeel. Joined Yazid’s army in Kufa but crossed over to Imam Husain’s side on 9th Moharram’s night with Jabla bin Ali Shoeb.
27) Habsha bin Qais Nehmi: He was a son of a person who used to pen down Rasullullah’s tradition. So he could not see the Prophet’s grandson suffering so he came over to Ahle-bayte’s side.
28) Khanzla Shaibani: Hajjaz bin Zaid Sayeedi: He was sent from Basra to deliver a letter to Umar bin Sad. But the content of the letter to wipe out the entire house of the Prophet shocked him. He joined Imam Husain and laid down his life for the cause of Islam.
29) Khanzla Shaibani: Came over to Husain’s side after martyrdom of Habib bin Muzahir.
30) Zaahir bin Umru Kundi: He was a close associate of Hani but had disappeared after Ziyad came to Kufa as governor. On 1oth of Moharram he came out of the hiding and fought for Imam.

Aarif
Posts: 1426
Joined: Thu Jan 24, 2008 5:01 am

Re: Some unknown martyrs of Karbala

#2

Unread post by Aarif » Tue Nov 17, 2009 1:58 pm

Very nice post Br. Insaf.. If possible can you please continue this thread and provide us with more accurate historical details of this epic battle between right and wrong that is usually missed out from our routine waez during these 9 days...

ghulam muhammed
Posts: 11653
Joined: Tue Oct 07, 2008 5:34 pm

Re: Some unknown martyrs of Karbala

#3

Unread post by ghulam muhammed » Tue Nov 17, 2009 4:08 pm

Very nice post. Can you throw some light on the fate of Imam Hussain's (a.s.) wife, Shere Banu (r.a.) after the battle of Karbala. What one hears in bohra vayez is "Imam Hussain (a.s.) ni Shahadat na baad ek ghodo aayo ane aapne karabala na maidan thi dur lai gayo".

bohra_manus
Posts: 177
Joined: Tue Nov 03, 2009 7:37 pm

Re: Some unknown martyrs of Karbala

#4

Unread post by bohra_manus » Tue Nov 17, 2009 8:25 pm

Thank you Insaf bhai for very informative post.
Could you or another knowledgable person on the board post about the events in Karbala starting from arrival of Muslim bin Aqueel to the time when the kafela went back to Shaam after shahadat of Imam Husain A.S.

mmv
Posts: 60
Joined: Thu May 14, 2009 12:16 am

Re: Some unknown martyrs of Karbala

#5

Unread post by mmv » Wed Nov 18, 2009 3:10 am

Salam to All,
There is a PDF Book on karbala, can be downloaded from the link below.
http://www.ezsoftech.com/stories/download1.asp

Sajid Zafar
Posts: 184
Joined: Thu Mar 28, 2002 5:01 am

Re: Some unknown martyrs of Karbala

#6

Unread post by Sajid Zafar » Wed Nov 18, 2009 11:08 am

Habib Ibne Muzahir

He was from "Banu Assad' tribe. Banu Assad are the descendants of Assad bin Khuzaimah. Prophet Muhammed's (pbuh)lineage and Bani Assad's lineage links to the same ancestor Assad bin Khuzaimah. Prophet Muhammad lived with Banu Assad for 6-7 years in his childhood. Prophet Muhammad also had wives from Banu Assad. Haleema suckled Prophet Muhammad for two years and she is also from Banu Assad. Banu Assad and Banu Tamim spread and developed the Arabic language since the 1st or the 2nd century.

It has been noted by Historians that before Islam, Banu Assad used to practice the religion of Abraham or "Deen Hanif" who believed in one God. The tribe embraced Islam in the 7th century during the beginning of Muhammad's Life. After moving to Kufa in Iraq, they sided with Hazrat Ali.

The following (total 11) were the companions of Imam Husain at Karbala and martyred by Yazeddi forces:

1. Uns ibn Hars Assadi
2. Habib ibn Muzahir Assadi(Commander of the left flank)
3. Muslim ibn Ausaja Assadi
4. Qais ibn Masher Assadi
5. Abu Samama Umru ibn Abdullah
6. Oreer Hamdani
7. Hanala ibn Assad
8. Abis Shakri
9. Abdul Rehman Rahbi
10. Saif ibn Hars
11. Amer ibn Abdullah Hamdani

On the 13th of Muharram, three days after the massacre, members of the Banu Assad Tribe in Karbala had the honor of burying the bodies of Imam Husayn, his family and the companions.

Currently, very large numbers of the Banu Assad live in Iraq in Basra, Najaf, Nasiriyah, Karbala, Hilla, Amara, Diyala, Salah-e-Deen and Baghdad. There significant population of Bani Assad in Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia Palestine, Egypt, Yemen and Ahwaz in Iran (Arabs of Iran).

Sajid Zafar
Posts: 184
Joined: Thu Mar 28, 2002 5:01 am

Re: Some unknown martyrs of Karbala

#7

Unread post by Sajid Zafar » Wed Nov 18, 2009 11:18 am

Shodai Bani Hashim

1. Imam Husayn ibn Ali, Chief of the Army and the grandson of Muhammad
2. Abbas ibn Ali, a half-brother of Husayn and the Commander of the Army
3. Ali al-Akbar ibn Husayn, a son of Husayn and Umm Laila
4. Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn, the six-month-old son of Husayn and Rubab
5. Umar ibn Ali, a half-brother of Husayn and full brother of Abbas ibn Ali
6. Ja'far ibn Ali
7. Uthman ibn Ali, brother of Abbas
8. Abu Bakr ibn Ali
9. Abu Bakr ibn Hasan ibn Ali
10. Qasim ibn Hasan ibn Ali
11. Qasim ibn Abbasibn Ali
12. Fadl ibn Abbas ibn Ali
13. Abdullah ibn Hasan ibn Ali
14. Aun ibn Abdillah ibn Ja'far, the son of Zaynab bint Ali
15. Muhammad ibn Abdillah ibn Ja'far, son of Zaynab bint Ali
16. Abdullah ibn Muslim ibn Aqeel
17. Muhammad ibn Muslim ibn Aqeel
18. Muhammad ibn Sa'id
19. Abdulrahman ibn Aqeel
20. Ja'far ibn Aqeel ibn Abi Talib

Sajid Zafar
Posts: 184
Joined: Thu Mar 28, 2002 5:01 am

Re: Some unknown martyrs of Karbala

#8

Unread post by Sajid Zafar » Fri Nov 20, 2009 2:28 pm

Special to Los Angeles Times By BATSHEVA SOBELMN
May 21, 2008, Jerusalem, Israel

Ashkelon, the former burial site of Imam Husain’s Head

The city of Ashkelon has been in the headlines lately, and not for its pretty beaches. The city of -110 000 has sadly joined Israel’s southern front line as rockets fired from the Gaza Strip improve in range and technology.

Last week, a rocket hit a shopping mall in town; the dozens of injured were treated at the city’s Barzilai Medical Center.
It turns out the hospital grounds con¬tain an interesting bit of history: a site holy to certain Shiite Muslims, thousands of whom have come to pray there over the years. Ashkelon has 5,000 years of record¬ed history, but when the hospital was first built in 1961, nothing indicated that the hill out back was anything special.

The consecration of the site dates back to the early days of Islam. The decades that followed the death of the prophet Muhammad in 632 were marked by a bitter and bloody dispute over succession, a conflict that ultimately marked the split between Sunni and Shiite Muslims.

In a nutshell, All, Muhammad’s cousin and son-in-law, was passed over for the position of caliph — leader of the young Muslim nation. All’s followers eventually rebelled, touching off years of conflict.
After Ali was assassinated in 661, his sons Hasan and Hussein carried on his struggle. Hussein and his small rebel army were slaughtered in 680 in what is now the Iraqi holy city of Karbala. His head was delivered as a trophy to Yazid, the victori¬ous caliph, in Damascus, while his body remained in Karbala. Shiites commemo¬rate Hussein’s death annually in the in¬tense day of mourning known as “Ashura”.

Both Karbala and Damascus became sites of Shiite pilgrimages. Sunni rulers displeased with the phenomenon, decided to relocate Hussein’s head to the far edge of the kingdom — Ashkelon. It remained there for several centuries, until the leg¬endary Muslim leader Saladin sent the head to Egypt for safekeeping from the invading Crusaders.

What was once the far end of an ancient Muslim kingdom is now a grassy mound behind an Israeli hospital.

A millennium after Hussein’s head was removed from Ashkelon, the site is still revered by Shiite offshoots, mostly from India and Pakistan. The pilgrims include those from countries with no diplomatic ties with Israel, hospital officials say.
About a decade ago, a Shiite spiritual leader arrived at the hospital with an unusual request: to be allowed to erect a prayer area for the pilgrims.

“How do you know this is the site?” asked Dr. Ron Lobel, deputy director of the medical center.

“I walked out to the mound with him,” Lobel said. “He took out a shovel and started digging. To my astonishment, a meter or so deep, he exposed the corner¬stone of the ancient mosque that had been built where the head had been buried, and was later destroyed by the Crusaders.”

With the hospital’s blessing, the wor¬shipers imported the most valued marble in India. The prayer area, built seven or eight years ago, is open to the pilgrims.

“They are quiet, peaceful people. They come in silence, sometimes barely uttering a sound,” said Lobel, who has become the resident expert on the subject. An island of Shiite Muslim prayer in an Israeli hospi¬tal in a Jewish state, it really is unique.