IsmaÌ„Ê¿iÌ„liÌ„ Manuscripts from Yemen
How did the IsmaÌ„Ê¿iÌ„liÌ„ works,1 written by their duÊ¿aÌ„t (pl. of daÌ„Ê¿iÌ„, i.e. missionaries) in different countries, at distinct times, under diverse circumstances, come to be preserved in Yemen having completely disappeared from their country of origin?2 The answer to this intriguing question can be found in IsmaÌ„Ê¿iÌ„liÌ„ history. The IsmaÌ„Ê¿iÌ„liÌ„s are historically associated with Yemen, as expounded by the IsmaÌ„Ê¿iÌ„liÌ„ YemeniÌ„ daÌ„Ê¿iÌ„ IdriÌ„s Ê¿ImaÌ„d al-DiÌ„n, a historian of the daÊ¿wa3 and a prolific author, who died in 872/1468 in ShibaÌ„m (KawkabaÌ„n).4 The following account is culled from his two major historical works.